Athena is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, crafts, strategy, and just warfare. She taught mankind many skills, such as sewing and agriculture, and is known for the invention of the bridle, first taming the horses for man to use. She sprang from the head of Zeus, an adult in full armour, and became his favourite child. He trusted her with his lightning bolt and the aegis, a shield with the head of a gorgon. Athens is her city, the olive her tree, and the owl her sacred bird.